By Christopher Harper-Bill, Elisabeth van Houts
By the point of the Conquest, the Normans were confirmed in Normandy for over one hundred fifty years. that they had reworked themselves from pagan Northmen into Christian princes; their territories prolonged from England, southern Italy and Sicily to far away Antioch, and their impact had unfold all through western Europe and the Mediterranean. Duke William's victory at Hastings and the ensuing Anglo-Norman union introduced England into the mainstream of eu background and tradition, with far-reaching outcomes for Western civilisation. those specifically commissioned experiences are excited about the achievements of the cross-Channel realm. They make an immense contribution to an knowing of the hundred years that witnessed nice switch and significant advancements in English and Norman executive and society. There are surveys of the 2 constituent components, of Normandy less than the Angevin kings, of where of country and duchy within the politics and tradition of the North Sea, and of the parallel Norman fulfillment within the Mediterranean. There are overviews either one of secular management and of the church, and a learn of 'feudalism' and lordship. in the vast box of cultural historical past, there are discussions of language, literature, the writing of historical past, and ecclesiastical structure. participants LESLEY ABRAMS, MATTHEW BENNETT, MARJORIE CHIBNALL, CHRISTOPHER HARPER-BILL, ELISABETH VAN HOUTS, EMMA MASON, RICHARD PLANT, CASSANDRA POTTS, DANIEL energy, IAN brief, ANN WILLIAMS.
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Extra resources for A Companion to the Anglo-Norman World
110 Surviving royal writs are addressed to the bishop, earl, sheriff and king’s thegns in the shire (or shires) to which they are directed. These thegns, the suitors of the shire-court, were the major local worthies, the ‘better men’ (meliores) of the neighbourhood. Like the sheriffs, they are difficult to discern as individuals, but some areas are better-documented than others. ’, in S. , Weapons and Warfare in Anglo-Saxon England, Oxford 1989, 143; see also K. Mack, ‘The Staller: Administrative Innovation in the Reign of Edward the Confessor’, JMH xii, 1986, 123–34).
11 Still other Vikings sought entry into Frankish society by selling their swords, such as Weland, who led a group of Vikings based on the Somme River. Like Godefrid, Weland converted to Christianity and rendered homage to the king. 12 When considered in the context of these unsuccessful efforts by Northmanni to find permanent homes in Christian lands, it becomes clear that Rollo’s group was unique mainly because it survived. The Seine Vikings also faced rival Norse settlements within the region that eventually became Normandy.
It was up to Rollo’s descendants to make these grants meaningful. As they expanded their authority west from the Seine region, Rollo’s successors incorporated other Viking groups which had taken up residence in the Bessin and Cotentin. 16 Origins of the Norman Duchy In addition to absorbing other Viking bands, the Normans of the Seine incorporated native Franks within their growing community, so that Normans of the eleventh and twelfth centuries were sometimes described as a mixed race of Vikings and Franks.