By David Roberts, Clayton Roberts, Douglas R. Bisson
This two-volume narrative of English heritage attracts at the newest fundamental and secondary examine, encouraging scholars to interpret the total diversity of England’s social, fiscal, cultural, and political past.
A heritage of britain, quantity 1 (Prehistory to 1714), makes a speciality of an important advancements within the historical past of britain during the early 18th century. issues comprise the Viking and Norman conquests of the eleventh century, the production of the monarchy, the Reformation, and the wonderful Revolution of 1688.
Read Online or Download A History of England, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1714 (6th Edition) PDF
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Extra resources for A History of England, Volume 1: Prehistory to 1714 (6th Edition)
David Mattingly. An Imperial Possession: Britain in the Roman Empire. London, 2006. Highly original and detailed account that considers Roman Britain from the point of view of the conquered. John Morris. Londinium: London in the Roman Empire. London, 1982. A vivid account of government, learning, religion, work, leisure, and food in Roman London; reveals the human beings behind the archaeological and historical fragments. Ian Richmond. Roman Britain. 2nd ed. Harmondsworth, England, 1963. A first chapter on military history provides a chronological framework for chapters on towns, the countryside, economics, and religion; clear, concise, scholarly.
The accused was given 30 days in which to assemble his compurgators, whose oaths carried more weight if they owned more land. ” If on the appointed day the defendant and his compurgators appeared at court and all swore their oaths, the defendant was cleared. This naive procedure, so open to abuse, worked largely because a defendant known by his fellow villagers to be guilty could hardly find the needed compurgators. A man who failed to produce the needed oath helpers, who had a record of many accusations, or who was caught in the act of theft had to submit to a different form of proof: the ordeal.
The law took notice of the different ranks of people by assigning to each rank a different wergeld, a different value to their oaths, and a different mund, or fine, for violating the peace of their households. In Wessex the wergeld of a thegn was 1200 shillings; of a ceorl (which included gebur and cottager), 200 shillings; of a Welshman, 120 shillings; of a slave, 60 shillings. In this h ierarchy the law also found a place for the clergy: the bishop ranked with the ealdorman, the priest with the thegn.