Download e-book for iPad: Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and by John Burnham

By John Burnham

Know-how calls for uniformity from people who come across it. humans encountering know-how, even though, fluctuate from each other. Thinkers within the early 20th century, watching the bleak outcomes of interactions among people and machines—death via cars or dismemberment by way of manufacturing unit equipment, for example—developed the assumption of coincidence proneness: the tendency of a selected individual to have extra injuries than most folks. In tracing this idea from its start to its disappearance on the finish of the 20 th century, twist of fate companies deals a different background of know-how centred now not on suggestions yet on their accidental consequences.Here, John C. Burnham indicates that because the computing device period stepped forward, the actual and fiscal impression of injuries coevolved with the increase of the assurance and tendencies in twentieth-century psychology. After global warfare I, psychologists made up our minds that a few individuals are extra twist of fate providers than others. This designation signaled a shift in social technique towards minimizing injuries by means of diverting specific humans clear of harmful environments. by way of the Nineteen Sixties and Nineteen Seventies, in spite of the fact that, the belief of twist of fate proneness steadily declined, and engineers constructed new applied sciences to guard everyone, thereby introducing a hidden, yet radical, egalitarianism.            mendacity on the intersection of the heritage of know-how, the heritage of drugs and psychology, and environmental background, coincidence providers is an bold highbrow research of the delivery, progress, and decline of an concept that would curiosity somebody who needs to appreciate how Western societies have grappled with the human expenditures of contemporary lifestyles. (20091217)

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Extra info for Accident Prone: A History of Technology, Psychology, and Misfits of the Machine Age

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In the world of insurance, the accident would be a “natural” happening. In fact, the idea of insurance was to diminish concern about individual cause and blame. 37 During the 1920s, then, Marbe attempted to call attention to his theory, and he and his students gathered empirical evidence to confi rm and apply the theory. Yet, in the end, not many psychologists or workers in industry or insurance reacted to the idea that identifying individual agents of error and accident was an idea worth developing, extending, and using.

33 The idea is not even listed in German- or English-language dictionaries of the history of ideas. 34 In 2006, however, Judith Peters provided a chapter of background history of the recently defined clinical syndrome, developmental coordination disorder, focusing on sensorimotor or movement dysfunction. She points out that lay language has consistently overlapped with efforts of professionals to find terms that correspond with “the familiar temporary experience of motor difficulty” and the difficulties confronted by clinicians.

3 Marbe later recalled that as a boy attending the Volksschule [elementary school], it occurred to me that several of my fellow students again and again would suffer small accidents, while other students remained wholly free of them. That several pupils also suffered different illnesses, while others in the same time period remained quite healthy, was also observed by many teachers. And in life one meets a number of people who have broken every possible limb, while, again, others never have such a misfortune.

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