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Although there are important country-to-country variations, and some sub-sectors – notably air transport – have recorded considerable progress, operational inefficiency, technological dynamism and service to consumers remain poor, while prices are high compared with per capita incomes. Numerous opinion surveys show that poor people view isolation as a major factor contributing to their poverty and marginalisation. Deteriorating transportation infrastructure limits development opportunities outside of concentrated © AfDB/OECD 2006 Overview urban centres.

7 per cent. 7 per cent as we consider secondary education. Furthermore, African countries still fall very short on women’s economic and political participation. Considering the seats in parliament held by woman as a percentage of the total, only a few African countries have reached 20 per cent (Eritrea, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Tanzania, Tunisia, and Uganda). 8 per cent of seats held by women in 2005 compared to 17 per cent in 1990. Goal 4 – Reducing child mortality In Africa, thousands of children die each day from a disease that could be simply prevented or treated owing to the lack of antibiotics or diarrhoea.

Moreover, transport infrastructure at the supra-national level increases the size of the market, improves efficiency in production and distribution, supports the achievement of economies of scale, and raises total factor productivity. In addition, lowcost means of transport facilitate the creation of exportbased manufacturing and service industries, including tourism. These developments may, in turn, foster private sector development and attract larger foreign investment flows. Recognising this, donors have once again made infrastructure a priority on the international development agenda.

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