By Giacomo Zaccone, Ernest Cutz, Dirk Adriaensen
This e-book offers a complete and updated account of the knowledge to be had at the morphological, physiological and evolutionary features of specialised cells dispensed in the epithelia of the airlines within the vertebrates. loads of paintings has been performed at the telephone and molecular biology of those cells that are considered as as oxygen receptor neuroepithelial cells. those chemoreceptors which have been conserved all through evolution have neuroendocrine services sporting their indications to the crucial worried system.
The chemoreceptor cells are sensors which become aware of the sign adjustments within the exterior and inner environments, and play a key position within the survival of varied species. experiences addressed to the chemoreceptor cellphone platforms within the airlines are of significant value for investigating their reaction to alterations within the oxygen and carbon dioxide concentrations within the atmosphere because the way forward for the planet earth is being threatened by means of worldwide warming and weather change.
Praise for the book:
…This quantity will be of precise curiosity to researchers who're inquisitive about the evolution of vertebrate breathing regulate generally and the legislation of air flow in nonmammalian vertebrates specifically. ―Wayne L. Silver, Wake wooded area collage, in The Quarterly evaluate of Biology, quantity eighty five, quantity 2
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Extra info for Airway Chemoreceptors in Vertebrates
Modified from Vulesevic et al. (2006). In the zebrafish gill, NECs labelled with SV2 antibodies increase in number (C, D, arrows), and NECs labelled with 5-HT antibodies extend long neuron-like processes (E, F, arrows), following exposure to chronic hypoxia (35 mmHg) compared to control. F, filament; iNB, intrinsic nerve bundle. Scale bar = 20 µm in C and D, 10 µm in E and F. Reprinted from Jonz et al. (2004) with permission. , 2004). In the latter study, however, a population of 5-HT-negative NECs did appear to proliferate in 18 | Airway Chemoreceptors in the Vertebrates response to chronic hypoxia, but O2-sensitivity in these cells has not been investigated.
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Oxygen sensitive chemoreceptors in the first gill arch of the tadpole, Rana catesbeiana. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 79:959-962. E. 1997. Neurochemical mechanisms behind gill microcirculatory responses to hypoxia in trout: in vivo microscopy study. Am J Physiol Reg Integr Comp Physiol. 272:R576-R585. , and Nilsson, S. 2002. Branchial innervation. J Exp Zool. 293:232-248. K. 2000. Branchial receptors and cardiorespiratory reflexes in a neotropical fish, the tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum). J Exp Biol.