Bacterial Membranes and the Respiratory Chain - download pdf or read online

By N. S. Gel’man, M. A. Lukoyanova, D. N. Ostrovskii (auth.)

The most dear carrier Dr. Gel'man and her colleagues have played for the numerous investigators of bacterial membrane structures in generating their first very good monograph on "The breathing equipment of micro organism" in 1966 has been persisted and multiplied within the education of this quantity. The au­ thors have introduced jointly in one quantity a lot of the element of investiga­ tions of bacterial membranes on the ultrastructura11eve1 and the chemical and biochemical organizationa11eve1s. The technique in bringing jointly this rap­ idly expanding quantity of discovery has been either finished and process­ atic, with a relentless knowledge of the significance of the molecular and func­ tional homes and relationships current in quite a few bacterial membranes. The monograph clearly displays the authors' curiosity and their very own inti­ mate involvement within the elucidation on the molecular point of the respiration chains geared up within the prokaryotic bacterial membrane method. it's completely applicable that the bankruptcy dedicated to this subject may still occupy a considerable share of this monograph. certainly, had this quantity been ready at this very second, that share may were even higher, because the paintings in .

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Example text

Lysodeikticus under anaerobic conditions in general causes no change in the membrane structures (Murray, 1963). Anaerobiosis does not change the morphology of the membrane structures in Listeria monocytogenes also (Edwards and Stevens, 1963). The mesosomes of B. subtilis are actually destroyed if the bacteria are kept for 2 h at 4°C without aeration (Ryter, 1969). Unfortunately, changes in the morphology of the membrane structures have not been compared with their content of cytochromes and other components in all the bacteria listed above.

Some bacteria (M. , 1970). Kates (1964) points out that there is more phosphatidylethanolamine than phosphatidylglycerol in the Gram-negative bacteria, while the opposite is true of the Gram-positive bacteria. However, there are exceptions. , 1965). Kates (1964) suggests that the high content of phosphatidylethanolamine in the Gram-negative bacteria is associated with the cell wall membrane. , 1969). Another example of differences in the phospholipid composition of bacteria is given by the distribution oflipoamino acids (O-esters of amino acids and phosphatidylglycerol).

In general, the fatty acid composition is highly specifIc not only for the families and species of bacteria, but even for individual strains. , 1968). Strains may also differ in their content of iso- and anti-iso forms (Kaneda, 1967). One of the features distinguishing bacterial lipids from lipids of all other organisms is that bacteria contain no steroids. , 1962). In recent years, the glycolipids of mycobacteria and certain other Grampositive bacteria have been closely studied (Shaw, 1970). In the mycobacteria these compounds are represented by glycosyl glycerides, carotenyl glucoside, and triacylglucose (Lederer, 1967; Smith and Mayberry, 1968).

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